The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) regularly publishes an Atlas documenting and mapping more than 2,500 global languages that are classified as vulnerable, endangered, or extinct. UNESCO also estimates that of the 6,000 current languages spoken today, more than half will be extinct by the start of the next century, adding that “with the disappearance of unwritten and undocumented languages, humanity will lose not only a cultural wealth, but also important ancestral knowledge embedded, in particular, in indigenous languages.”
In many cases, these languages require urgent intervention, especially in remote locations where only a handful of speakers remain. There are other languages that remain especially vulnerable due to the external pressures and struggling to pass on the language to the next generation.
Despite some of these sobering statistics, there is also a growing movement emerging where members of these communities are increasingly recognizing the great value in revitalizing their native language through the opportunities provided by technology. Through the use of participatory citizen media and web 2.0 tools, these individuals are building communities around the common use of these under-represented languages and helping to encourage the next generation of speakers.
Projects like Indigenous Tweets have been mapping users who use Twitter in indigenous languages, making it easier to find others who also tweet in these languages. But there are challenges – both linguistically and technically. For some language communities, assistance is available to help develop written alphabets and to help document these languages for further research, which is part of the work supported by the Living Tongues Institute. There are also technical limitations, such as the unavailability of keyboards in minority language fonts. In some cases, there are also cultural barriers in the use of their indigenous languages in such a public setting like the internet.
Despite these challenges, there are many examples of innovative approaches to preserving and promoting these languages through citizen media and web 2.0 tools. Young leaders and “bridge” figures (often referred to individuals that can bridge two different cultures) are building a movement around the use, preservation and promotion of these languages in an online context.
- Facebook Group: Citizen Media and Underrepresented Languages [global]
- Facebook Group: Lenguas Indígenas y Medios Ciudadanos [en español]
Since 2011, Rising Voices has been exploring some of these uses of citizen media in revitalizing and promoting the use of underrepresented languages, as well as featuring some of these success stories by language activists across the globe.
Ongoing oppression, ethnic and sectarian conflicts, and political unrest have greatly reduced the Middle East's Assyrian community, endangering their 3000-year-old Assyrian language in its native Middle Eastern home.
The ongoing disputes among Kurdish languages and their lack of standardization create obstacles to accessing online information, impedes the flow of information, and curtails active participation in the digital realm.
ⴰⵣⵔⴰⴽ ⵏ ⵉⵣⵔⴼⴰⵏ ⵉⵎⵙⵏⵉⵍⵙⵏ ⵏ ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ ⴳ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ ⴰⵔ ⵉⵙⵙⴷⵓⵙ ⴰⵙⵢⵉⵡⵏ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵏ, ⴰⵔ ⵉⵜⵜⴰⵡⵙ ⵉⵎⵙⵍⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ ⵅⴼ ⵓⵎⵙⵙⵉⵏⵉ ⵙ ⵜⵍⴻⵍⵍⵉ ⵅⴼ ⵜⵎⴰⴳⵉⵜ ⴷ ⵜⴷⵍⵙⴰ ⵏⵏⵙⵏ, ⵉⵍⵍⵉ ⵢⴰⴽⴽⴰⵏ ⵜⴰⵎⵔⵏⵉⵡⵜ ⴳ ⵓⴷⵔⴰⵡ ⵓⵖⵔⵉⵎ. (Amazigh translation of the English translation)
Anissa Jones, an Indigenous educator, employs technology to persevere the Dharug Dhalang language. Her Puliima presentation emphasizes digital storytelling and preserving Indigenous Cultural Intellectual Property through technology and community involvement.
Respecting the linguistic rights of the Amazigh people promotes social integration and allows speakers to freely express their culture and identity, which results in increased civic engagement.