The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) regularly publishes an Atlas documenting and mapping more than 2,500 global languages that are classified as vulnerable, endangered, or extinct. UNESCO also estimates that of the 6,000 current languages spoken today, more than half will be extinct by the start of the next century, adding that “with the disappearance of unwritten and undocumented languages, humanity will lose not only a cultural wealth, but also important ancestral knowledge embedded, in particular, in indigenous languages.”
In many cases, these languages require urgent intervention, especially in remote locations where only a handful of speakers remain. There are other languages that remain especially vulnerable due to the external pressures and struggling to pass on the language to the next generation.
Despite some of these sobering statistics, there is also a growing movement emerging where members of these communities are increasingly recognizing the great value in revitalizing their native language through the opportunities provided by technology. Through the use of participatory citizen media and web 2.0 tools, these individuals are building communities around the common use of these under-represented languages and helping to encourage the next generation of speakers.
Projects like Indigenous Tweets have been mapping users who use Twitter in indigenous languages, making it easier to find others who also tweet in these languages. But there are challenges – both linguistically and technically. For some language communities, assistance is available to help develop written alphabets and to help document these languages for further research, which is part of the work supported by the Living Tongues Institute. There are also technical limitations, such as the unavailability of keyboards in minority language fonts. In some cases, there are also cultural barriers in the use of their indigenous languages in such a public setting like the internet.
Despite these challenges, there are many examples of innovative approaches to preserving and promoting these languages through citizen media and web 2.0 tools. Young leaders and “bridge” figures (often referred to individuals that can bridge two different cultures) are building a movement around the use, preservation and promotion of these languages in an online context.
- Facebook Group: Citizen Media and Underrepresented Languages [global]
- Facebook Group: Lenguas Indígenas y Medios Ciudadanos [en español]
Since 2011, Rising Voices has been exploring some of these uses of citizen media in revitalizing and promoting the use of underrepresented languages, as well as featuring some of these success stories by language activists across the globe.
“For us, the International Day of Indigenous Peoples is not a celebration of labels, customs or exoticisms, it is a day that must acknowledge the systematic attempt to erase us.” More »
GV in Aymara is launching a new project called “Apthapi Digital” with the aim of providing accessible resources and information about basic digital security for an Aymara audience. More »
The lack of representation in television reflects how the Peruvian state, in its 200-year history, has treated its indigenous peoples: in a colonial, racist and discriminatory way. More »
Please join us in the 4th in a series of online exchanges about language digital activism to take place on Tuesday, September 8, 2020 More »
Túndé Adégbọlá's work bridges “the language gap of the digital divide for Africa” through technology
Hear from the founder of the African Language Technology Initiative (ALT-i) in Nigeria about their pioneering work to incorporate speech synthesis, automatic speech recognition, and language engineering for the benefit of African languages. More »